Aug 16, 2018
Larry Snow with the Secure Transportation and Executive Protection News for Thursday, August 16th, 2018
In Driving News
Three Seconds To Safety – Surge of Carjacking
There has been a surge of carjacking throughout the US and in other countries.
In ISDA’s opinion, the number of carjackings may vary from year to year, but it is not a new phenomenon, they have been and always will be a problem. The threat of carjackings is an issue that you may want to bring to the attention of those you protect.
The Three Seconds to Safety booklet is available for free on iBooks and on SecurityDriver.Com
Autonomous Vehicle Levels
It seems that every news agency and certainly every auto-enthusiast magazine and blog are discussing autonomous vehicles and the technology that goes into making vehicles self-driving. What isn’t really discussed or understood is that there are different levels of self-driving. According to the Society of Automotive Engineers, there are 6 levels of automation.
Level 0 - is full manual mode. The driver is in full control of the vehicle and performs all driving tasks.
Level 1 – Driver Assistance. The vehicle is controlled by the driver, but some driving assist features may be included in the vehicle design. GM’s adaptive cruise control would be an example of Level 1.
Level 2 – Partial Automation. The vehicle has combined automated functions, like acceleration and steering, but the driver must remain engaged with the driving task and monitor the environment at all times. Examples of level 2 include helping vehicles to stay in lanes and self-parking features.
Level 3 - Conditional Automation. The driver is a necessity, but is not required to monitor the environment, The driver must be ready to take control of the vehicle at all times with notice. Level 3 vehicles are capable of managing on a freeway journey, excluding on- and off-ramps and city driving. Feature example is Tesla’s Auto Pilot.
Level 4 – High Automation. The vehicle is capable of performing all driving functions under certain conditions. The driver may have the option to control the vehicle. A Level 4 vehicle is capable of completing an entire journey without driver intervention, even operating without a driver at all, but the vehicle does have some constraints. As an example, a Level 4 vehicle may be confined to a certain geographical area (i.e. geofenced), or it could be prohibited from operating beyond a certain speed. A Level 4 vehicle likely still maintains driver controls like a steering wheel and pedals for those instances in which a human may be required to assume control. There are no Level 4 production vehicles available to consumers.
Level 5 – Full automation. The vehicle is capable of performing all driving functions under all conditions. The driver may have the option to control the vehicle. A Level 5 vehicle is capable of complete hands-off, driverless operation under all circumstances. A Level 5 autonomous vehicle is unconstrained geographically and theoretically able to travel at all speeds in safety, thanks to advanced software and vehicle-to-vehicle and vehicle-to-environment communications.
Although there is a big push to get to level 5, manufacturers have some way go to just to create a level 5 - Ford states by 2021 they will have produced a level 5 vehicle, Honda says by 2020, but it will be years and perhaps decades before getting level 5 to consumers. A lot has to happen along the way. Such as vehicle to vehicle communications, the vehicle to road and satellite communications and all the infrastructure that goes into making it all work.
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